As sinister as that endemic development may possibly appear, urgent steps have to be used for the cankerworm not to ruin the nation’s potential completely before long: it’s also important to be neglected. And, this is really, still another cogent purpose Nigeria needs ethical renaissance and value regeneration in most facets of its national life.
How can one describe what an examination malpractice is? Based on Nwana (2000), examination malpractice is defined because the “massive and unprecedented abuse of principles and rules regarding inner and community examinations, start from the setting of such examinations through the taking of the examinations, their noticing and grading, to the release of the outcomes and the issuance of certificates.” In an identical vein, an academic has attempted another explanation of this unbridled sensation as “the act of omission or commission intended to make a student go examination without counting definitely on his/her separate ability or resources.”
Certain research conclusions, ideas, instructive and informed submissions of educationalists, academics, and other top stakeholders in this unique field of the nation’s economy, however, have indicated that there had been one type of examination malpractice or the other before because in the first 1970s when “bulk cheating was initially perpetrated in WAEC” (West African-american Examinations Council).
Perhaps, this realisation jolted the examination human anatomy at the secondary college level to study really, various manifestations and degree with this retrogressive inclination. It supposedly, categorised the different types of examination malpractice as including getting in international products to examination halls, abnormal actions inside and outside examination halls, collusion, impersonation, loss, mass cheating and insult/assault on supervisors during exams.
Other forms of exam malpractices identified by WAEC contain assistance of candidates by invigilators to solution or have hint to difficult methods, though some invigilators also visit the level of addressing some parts of the problem for prospects, besides other designs as “giraffing, contraband, topic, tremendous printing, escort, missiles, and pregnant biros.”
Nevertheless, what’s happened to the emergency of the country’s knowledge program from the period until this day? Unfortuitously, in the continued 21st Century, examination malpractices of various varieties, types and manifestations, incontrovertibly, have worsened and develop into a national problem. The unbecoming inclination voraciously, remains to eat heavy into the cultural material, from major colleges to tertiary institutions of learning throughout the Nigerian Federation. It is no wonder then, that the Nigerian Jamb expo, of recent, passionately requested the National Assembly to declare circumstances of disaster in the training industry to be able to consciously revamp the missing wonder of the after growing industry.
While many stakeholders in the market however, genuinely believe that the predominant malaise the training industry is not only perpetrated by the students alone, but also with the productive connivance of different stakeholders, including teachers, safety agents, examination invigilators, models, supervisors, and the like, exam malpractices have equally been explained by some in the know of the pervasiveness of the discouraging trend as “perennial and institutionalised multibillion Naira organization”, which some depraved people, teams and institutions give fat in the united kingdom by now.
But then, a important problem any honest-minded Nigerians must ask themselves at this juncture is: How did Nigeria get to the decadent state in their training business? Just as some significant stakeholders and specialists severally, have indicated honest issues concerning the regular damage regular exam malpractices are inflicting on the state, numerous factors have been sophisticated with this ugly development.
Among other causes adduced for the astronomical upsurge in exam malpractices recently are that in certain cases, “issues aren’t linked to the syllabus”, and subsequently, examination malpractices are encouraged. It’s also, been alleged that issue syllabuses are bombarded and hard for examination candidates, so they quite often find it too difficult to cope. But, are these tenable excuses for doubtful candidates and their depraved collaborators to take part in exam irregularities? It’s only indefensible for candidates to resort to exam irregularities. It’s believed that with decided, aware attempts at succeeding in virtually any worthwhile endeavour, including examinations, “where there is a can, there is a way.”